AbstractLudwig Winter contributed to a new aesthetics of landscape architecture with design principles that took into account the flooding of plants from America, Asia and Africa. Its idea of garden was no longer a garden of flowers but a landscape of flowers equally what the Picturesque garden was inspired by the forest landscape and the countryside landscape. Winter started at La Mortola, in the property of Thomas Hanbury, to create different thematic gardens following botanical criteria and shaping spatial structure through the texture and the colors of exotic plants. The creative characters of the gardens of its gardens are represented by new types of gardens of the Mediterranean region which spread out in Liguria and in French Riviera in late decades of 19th and in 20th century: jardins d'acclimation, palm gardens, rock gardens of succulents and cacti, gardens-nurseries and sea promenades which became new models for the gardens of the winter season.
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