ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE OR ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT: WHO “INVENTED” BIOGEOGRAPHY?

Loris Galli

Abstract


Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) is traditionally regarded as the father of Biogeography. Thanks to his holistic approach to nature, however, Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) laid the methodological foundations of Ecology and Phytogeography. His attention to the collection of as many data as possible on environmental parameters in order to understand which factors influence species distribution and characters can be considered extremely modern. Therefore, some authors today believe that it would be legitimate to attribute the authorship of biogeography to von Humboldt.


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15167/2612-2960/BELS2020.2.1.1211

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