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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, DOI for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

    All appropriate ethics (e.g. those about animal welfare) were followed and approved or other approvals (e.g. for the collection of samples of protected species or in protected areas) were obtained for the research.

    [If necessary] Research protocols have been approved by an authorized animal care or ethics committee, and a reference to the code of practice adopted for the reported experimentation or methodology will be included in the submission.

    The Editor will take account of animal welfare issues and reserves the right not to publish, especially if the research involves protocols that are inconsistent with commonly accepted norms of animal research.


    The paper submitted does not present any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.


    The research received no funding.

    If it has been funded, authors are requested to identify who provided financial support for the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Author Guidelines


The titles should be written in Times New Roman capital letters, type size 11, 1.2 spacing, aligned to the center of the page. Example:



Names of the Authors should be written in Times New Roman small capitals, type size 11, aligned to the center of the page, separated by a comma and with a top right numeral indication of the address.

Address/es should be written in Times New Roman, type size 10, aligned to the center of the page, single spacing. The e-mail addresses of the corresponding author must be indicated. Example:

Enrico Borgo1*; Silvio Spanò2

1Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Via Brigata Liguria, Genova, Italy.1 2Università degli Studi di Genova, DIP.TE.RIS., Corso Europa 26, 16132 Genova, Italy.



The summary must be written in Times New Roman, type size 10, justified alignment, single spacing.

Key Words

Should be reported 5 to 10 key words, after colon, in Times New Roman, type size 10, justified alignment. Es.

Key Words: Biodiversity, Distribution, Animals



Between the various parts of the text, abstract and key words included, a single space should be left. Every part should have a heading that precedes it (Abstract, Key Words, Introdusction, Study Area, etc) in Times New Roman small capital letters, type size 11, alignment to the left of the page.

The text should be written in Times New Roman, type size 11, justified alignment, 1.2 spacing, an indented right hand margin of 1.5 cm at the beginning of every paragraph.

Generally, the text is organized under the following headings: Introduction, Study Area, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References.

The Bibliography quotations in the text should follow:

one author only: (Holland, 1999) or Holland (1999)

two authors: (Tamura & Nei, 1993) or Tamura & Nei (1993)

three or more authors: (Randi et al., 2003) or Randi et al. (2003)

Many quotations (in chronologic order and separated by ";" or ","): (Tamura & Nei, 1993; Randi et al., 2003) or Tamura & Nei (1993), Randi et al. (2003).

Expressions of thanks and gratitude should be inserted before the References in Times New Roman, type size 10, justified alignment, single spacing, and put under the heading of "Acknowledgments" in small capital letters and by a dash ex:

Acknowledgements - We would like to thank Dr. N. Surname and Prof. N. Surname for participating in this survey. We are also grateful to Dr. N. Surname from X for his/her guaranteed economical support during this research. Finally, we would like to thank Prof. N. Surname for his/her critical rereading and precious suggestions on the text.


All illustrations should be sent separately, indicating where in the text they must be placed. Photos, pictures, graphics and tables should not be larger than 15.3 x 23.3 cm.

The captions under the illustrations should be written in Times New Roman, type size 10, single spacing, see the following example:

Figure 3. Micromorphological differences between the red coral colonies living in and outside the studied cave: frequency distributions of the sclerite sizes.


The References should be written in Times New Roman, type size 10, justified alignment, single spacing, with an indented margin of 1.5 cm. The sources named in the text should be placed in alphabetical order and are to comply to the following standard:

articles - Imai K., Takada N., Satoh N. & Satou Y., 2000. B-catenin mediates the specification of endoderm cells in ascidian embryos. Development 127: 3009-3020.

volumes - Cramp S., 1977. The Birds of the Western Palearctic (Vol. 1). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

chapters - Kear J., 1970. The adaptive radiation of parental care in waterfowl. In: Crook J:H: Ed. Social behaviours in birds and mammals. Academic Press, London: 357-392.

thesis - Moore P.M., 1993. Mate guarding and cuckoldry in Red-faced Warblers Cardellina rubrifrons. M.S. thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.

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