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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, DOI for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

    All appropriate ethics (e.g. those about animal welfare) were followed and approved or other approvals (e.g. for the collection of samples of protected species or in protected areas) were obtained for the research.

    [If necessary] Research protocols have been approved by an authorized animal care or ethics committee, and a reference to the code of practice adopted for the reported experimentation or methodology will be included in the submission.

    The Editor will take account of animal welfare issues and reserves the right not to publish, especially if the research involves protocols that are inconsistent with commonly accepted norms of animal research.


    The paper submitted does not present any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.


    The research received no funding.

    If it has been funded, authors are requested to identify who provided financial support for the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Author Guidelines


General guidelines

The manuscript must strictly follow the very simple rules indicated below. All manuscripts that do not comply with these indications will be rejected by default.

The manuscript must be submitted in .doc format.

The whole text must be written in Times new Roman size 11 aligned to the left.

Single spacing must be used throughout the whole manuscript.

Titles and subtitles must be written in bold (do not use capital letters!).

The names of the authors must be written in full, each followed by the number referring to their address/affiliation.

Do not use typographical indents, non-single spacing and/or other unnecessary typographical devices. Use “italic” only for the taxonomic nomenclature.

Except in particular cases (short notes, reviews) the manuscript must be divided into: Abstract, Key-Words, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References, Acknowledgments (if any).


Bibliographic citations and references

Bibliographic citations in the text must be made as follows:

one author only: (Holland, 1999) or Holland (1999)

two authors: (Tamura & Nei, 1993) or Tamura & Nei (1993)

three or more authors: (Randi et al., 2003) or Randi et al. (2003)

Many quotations (in chronologic order and separated by ";" or ","): (Tamura & Nei, 1993; Randi et al., 2003) or Tamura & Nei (1993), Randi et al. (2003).

References format:

articles - Imai K., Takada N., Satoh N. & Satou Y., 2000. B-catenin mediates the specification of endoderm cells in ascidian embryos. Development 127: 3009-3020.

volumes - Cramp S., 1977. The Birds of the Western Palearctic (Vol. 1). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

chapters - Kear J., 1970. The adaptive radiation of parental care in waterfowl. In: Crook J:H: Ed. Social behaviours in birds and mammals. Academic Press, London: 357-392.

thesis - Moore P.M., 1993. Mate guarding and cuckoldry in Red-faced Warblers Cardellina rubrifrons. M.S. thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.

Only if the authors of a source are more than 20, list the first 19 authors, followed by an ellipsis (three consecutive dots), then the last author's name – Es: Kalnay E., Kanamitsu M., Kistler R., Collins W., Deaven D., Gandin L., Iredell M., Saha S., White G., Woollen J., Zhu Y., Chelliah M., Ebisuzaki W., Higgins W., Janowiak J., Mo K. C., Ropelewski C., Wang J., Leetma, A., ... Joseph D.,1999. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meterological Society, 77(3): 437–471.


Tables and figures

The tables must all be inserted at the end of the manuscript, each preceded by its own caption.

Add figure captions to the last pages of the manuscript (in Times new Roman size 11, aligned to the left).

Photos, drawings and graphs must be uploaded as separate files (one for each figure) in jpg or tiff format (300 dpi resolution for color images, 600 dpi for black and white or grayscale images). We do not accept other formats or images embedded in the text.


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