How inclusive governance should drive gender equality in universities: A proposed methodology


  • Anna Brescianini University of Brescia, Italy
  • Camilla Federici University of Brescia, Italy
  • Mariasole Bannò University of Brescia, Italy



The article tackles the topic of inclusive governance in institutional change and gender equality in universities. It has two objectives. First, it envisions inclusive governance as a method to effectively convey cultural change aimed at gender equality and proposes the implementation of a pilot case applied to the University of Brescia through a mixed-method approach. It develops a framework for the par-ticipatory governance process that lies on the theoretical basis that inclusive gov-ernance promotes institutional change and drives gender equality. In particular, the research identifies and describes three core elements: actors and roles, legit-imacy and delegation, and participation process. Second, based on this framework, the analysis suggests a methodology to evaluate the participatory governance pro-cess for introducing a Gender Equality Plan (henceforth GEP) within universities. The research employs a mixed-method approach and proposes a parallel conver-gent design that adopts three instruments: interviews, questionnaires, and focus groups. The article provides insight into understanding whether deep levels of co-operation in the GEP implementation through a participatory governance process would enhance the gender mainstreaming capacity of public administrations.

Keywords: inclusive governance, participatory governance process, gender equal-ity, Gender Equality Plans, mixed-methods.